SoulBeing Modality Glossary
Definitions & links to detailed information for each modality.
Acupuncture is a form of complementary medicine and a key component of traditional Chinese medicine. Acupuncture is a 5,000 year-old Chinese therapy and is based on the theory that dysfunction or illness is a result of barriers in the network of meridian pathways that extend throughout the body. These obstructions cause disparities in the flow of vital Qi (life force energy). Health is maintained when the opposite forces of Yin and Yang are in equilibrium and chi flows without disruption. These channels of energy do not exist in a physical form i n the way that blood travels through veins for instance. They do, however, exist in a more elusive, vibrational mode.
The best way to visualize meridians is as an energy freeway that traverses through all parts of the human body. Meridians flow in matching pairs with acupuncture points along their pathways. The meridian system is often referred to as an energetic distribution network.
There are twelve main meridians throughout the body through which Qi (or energy) flows. Each limb is traversed by six channels, three Yin (on the inside), and three Yang (on the outside). Each of the twelve regular channels corresponds to five Yin organs, six Yang organs, the Pericardium, and San Jiao. It is important to remember that these are not western organs but relate to processes in the body.
When a meridian has a balanced flow of chi the corresponding organs and body systems will have a better chance of operating optimally. To cultivate this and balance this flow acupuncture points (acupoints) along each of the meridians are activated to dissipate any obstructions by inserting fine needles into them.
Acupuncture is one of the fundamental techniques found in traditional Chinese medicine. It is well documented, scientifically analyzed, and widely becoming acceptable in western medicine.
For more information on acupuncture visit The American Academy of Medical Acupuncture at www.medicalacupuncture.org.
Breast Reconstruction Surgery
Breast reconstruction is a series of surgical procedures performed to recreate a breast. Reconstructions are commonly done after one or both breasts are removed as a treatment for breast cancer. Also, a breast may need to be refashioned for other reasons, such as trauma or abnormalities that occur during breast development. Many authorities consider reconstruction an integral part of the therapy for breast cancer. A breast that appears natural offers a sense of wholeness and normalcy, which can aid in the psychological recovery from breast cancer. It eliminates the need for an external prosthesis (false breast), which many women find physically uncomfortable as well as inconvenient.
Chiropractic Medicine is a form of complementary medicine that focuses on diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine. Under the belief that these disorders affect general health via the nervous system. It is the largest complementary medical profession. The main chiropractic treatment technique involves manual therapy, especially manipulation of the spine, other joints, and soft tissues, but may also include exercises and health and lifestyle counseling. The specific focus of chiropractic practice is chiropractic subluxation.
Most chiropractors seek to reduce pain and improve the functionality of patients as well as to educate them on how they can account for their own health via exercise, ergonomics and other therapies to treat back pain.
Chiropractors focus on the intimate relationship between the nervous system and spine, and hold true the following beliefs:
- Biomechanical and structural derangement of the spine can affect the nervous system
- For many conditions, chiropractic treatment can restore the structural integrity of the spine, reduce pressure on the sensitive neurological tissue, and consequently improve the health of the individual.
The treatment concept of chiropractic is to re-establish normal spinal mobility, which in turn alleviates the irritation to the spinal nerve and/or re-establishes altered reflexes.
Christian Science Practitioners
A Christian Science practitioner is an individual who prays for others according to the teachings of Christian Science. Treatment is non-medical, rather it is based on the Bible and the Christian Science textbook, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures (1875) by Mary Baker Eddy (1821–1910), who said she discovered Christian Science in 1866 and founded the Christian Science church in 1879. According to the church, Christian Science practitioners address physical conditions, as well as relationship or financial difficulties and any other problem or crisis. Practitioners are either “listed” or “unlisted,” a designation that refers to a form of international accreditation maintained by The Mother Church, in Boston, Massachusetts. “Listed” practitioners are included in the directory of Christian Science practitioners on the church website, and printed in the Christian Science Journal. In the United States, Christian Science practitioners are legally defined as health care providers.Any student of Christian Science may take patients, but only those “listed” as practitioners in the worldwide directory published in The Christian Science Journal and on the Christian Science website are regarded by the church as experienced healers. The church writes that, to become listed, applicants are interviewed, and must provide references from “three patients who can confirm a complete healing through [the applicant’s] prayerful treatment.” Applicants must also have taken “primary class” instruction by an “authorized teacher of Christian Science” under the aegis of the Christian Science Board of Education, as stipulated in the Manual of The Mother Church, which governs all activities of the church. An authorized teacher is one who, having had primary class instruction and a minimum of three years’ experience as a practitioner, has completed the normal course. Normal class instruction is held once every three years and is limited to 30 pupils. Primary class is held once a year by each teacher and is also limited to 30. According to the Manual, those who complete the normal class receive the certificate “C.S.B.” Tuition for both classes is fixed by the Manual at $100.
^ a b c Vitello, Paul. “Christian Science Church Seeks Truce With Modern Medicine”, The New York Times, March 23, 2010.
^ “Christian Science practitioners” Archived 2012-02-24 at the Wayback Machine, christianscience.com.
^ “29 CFR § 825.125 – Definition of health care provider”. LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
^ “Application for Advertising as a Christian Science Practitioner” English version, June 2012 Archived 2013-12-03 at the Wayback Machine The Mother Church website.
^ Dickey, Adam. “The Mother Church And The Manual” The Christian Science Journal (April 1922). Retrieved May 8, 2013
^ Manual of The Mother Church, 89th edition. First published in 1895. pp. 90-91
^ Manual, p. 91
^ a b Manual, p. 84
Counseling (for treatment of a medical condition)
Counseling is a field contained within applied psychology that utilizes not only psychology principles, but incorporates the behavioral sciences, human resources techniques, clinical, and school psychology as well. Counseling is primarily considered a service provided by a professional with special qualifications that uses psychological and behavioral science to improve the lives of clients by focusing on the decisions they make and planning improved roles in their social environments. The emphasis is on improving the lives of the clients and to catalyze development for the individual by seizing on opportunity for improvement through better decision making. In addition to improving decision making skills, counseling deals with overcoming difficulties with environmental factors through improved resource utilization or modification. Counseling attempts to be relevant for all individuals as opposed to clinical psychology which has a more specific focus.
For more information visit the American Counseling Association at www.counseling.org/about-us/about-aca
Dancing Lessons (for medical conditions)
The psychotherapeutic use of movement to promote emotional, social, cognitive and physical integration of the individual.
– American Dance Therapy Association
Dental Care (Non-Cosmetic)
The branch of the healing arts concerned with the teeth and associated structures of the oral cavity, including prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease and restoration of defective or missing teeth. Can include: operative dentistry dentistry concerned with restoration of parts of the teeth that are defective as a result of disease, trauma, or abnormal development to a state of normal function, health, and esthetics.
Dermatology Treatments & Products
The branch of the healing arts concerned with the study of the skin, diseases of the skin, and the relationship of cutaneous lesions to systemic disease.
Doula / Midwife or Birthing Coach
A person who assists at labor and birth and in postpartum care of mother and baby. Doulas are trained and certified according to various requirements of local jurisdictions. They are helpful in educating the new family and in helping build their confidence as new parents. Midwives have received additional specialized training in obstetrics and child care.
Any evidence-based treatment concerned with improvement of a learning disorder characterized by problems in processing words into meaningful information. This is most strongly reflected in difficulty in learning to read. This often takes the form of an individual education plan (IEP) that incorporates some time each day spent with a reading specialist. Children appear to do best in programs that emphasize phonics- breaking words into sounds, then combining the sounds into words. If the school does not use a phonics-based program, parents may wish to supplement school-based instruction with a private program such as Orton-Gillingham or Lindamood-Bell that emphasizes letter-sound awareness. A multisensory approach combining sight, sound, and touch, is helpful to some children. The underlying cause of dyslexia is not known, although research suggests the condition is often inherited. Using positron emission tomography (PET) scans and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), researchers have been able to track the parts of the brain that become active when people with and without dyslexia read. Their general conclusion is that the brains of people with dyslexia are organized differently than those without the disorder and that this different organization results in less concentrated and efficient analysis and processing of the written representation of letter sounds into meaningful information.
Common signs of dyslexia include problems with:
- identifying single letters or words
- breaking down words into their individual sounds(phonemes)
- blending individual sounds into meaningful words at an appropriate speed
- reading comprehension
- chronically reading below grade level
- accurate spelling
- transposing letters in words
- following complex directions
- confusion with opposites (up/down, early/late, and so on)
Fertility Treatment (IVF, IUI, Sperm & Egg Storage)
Any of the constellation of activities and procedures which are intended to result in a viable term pregnancy.
Fitness / Yoga
Fitness generally refers to the condition of being physically healthy, including attributes such as cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, body composition, and flexibility. Fitness programs and classes refer to any activity geared toward improving these areas. Some examples of popular fitness activities include conditioning, weight training, bootcamp classes, cardio, cycling, rowing, pilates, and yoga.
Yoga is a mind and body practice that has long been utilized for it’s ability to derive calm and balance in one’s life through focus on breathwork and the mental-physical connection. Yoga brings together a combination of physical postures supported by breathing techniques and meditation. There are several types of yoga and many disciplines within the practice, all with the common goal of promoting mental and physical well-being.
General fitness and yoga expenses do not typically qualify for HSA use, however, with a Letter of Medical Necessity, fitness programs and classes, certain equipment, personal training and yoga could all potentially qualify as HSA-eligible services.
Functional Medicine was invented by nutritionist Jeffrey Bland. Functional Medicine focuses on interactions between the environment and the gastrointestinal, endocrine, and immune systems.
According to the Institute for Functional Medicine, “Functional Medicine is a systems biology–based approach that focuses on identifying and addressing the root cause of disease. Each symptom or differential diagnosis may be one of many contributing to an individual’s illness.” For example, depression can be caused by many different factors, including inflammation. Likewise, a cause such as inflammation may lead to a number of different diagnoses, including depression. The precise manifestation of each cause depends on the individual’s genes, environment, and lifestyle, and only treatments that address the right cause will have lasting benefit beyond symptom suppression.”
For more information visit the Institute for Functional Medicine at www.ifm.org/functional-medicine/what-is-functional-medicine/
Guide Dog (including training and care)
Fees and costs associated with the training and care for a dog that has been specially approved to guide a blind or visually impaired person.
Healthcare Professional (other)
A person certified by a medical institution or association to provide any form of healthcare that does not easily fit any other HSA-eligible category.
Herbal or Homeopathic Medicine
Herbal Medicine or Phytotherapy is the study of the use of extracts of natural origin as medicines or health-promoting agents. Phytotherapy is another term for “herbal medicine”. An herb is a plant or plant part used for its scent, flavor, or therapeutic properties. Herbal medicines are one type of dietary supplement. They are sold as tablets, capsules, powders, teas, extracts, and fresh or dried plants. People use herbal medicines to try to maintain or improve their health.
Herbal medicines differ from plant-derived medicines in standard pharmacology. Where standard pharmacology isolates an active compound from a given plant, phytotherapy aims to preserve the complexity of substances from a given plant with relatively less processing.
Herbal Medicine is distinct from homeopathy and anthroposophic medicine, and avoids mixing plant and synthetic bio-active substances. Traditional phytotherapy is a synonym for herbalism and regarded as alternative medicine by much of Western medicine. Although the medicinal and biological effects of many plant constituents such as alkaloids (morphine, atropine etc.) have been proven through clinical studies, there is debate about the efficacy and the place of phytotherapy in Western medical therapies.
For more information, visit the British Herbal Medicine Association at http://bhma.info/
Holistic Practitioner (other)
Holistic medicine is a term used to describe therapies that attempt to treat the patient as a whole person. That is, instead of treating an illness, as in orthodox allopathy, holistic medicine looks at an individual’s overall physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional wellbeing before recommending treatment. A practitioner with a holistic approach treats the symptoms of illness as well as looking for the underlying cause of the illness. Holistic medicine also attempts to prevent illness by placing a greater emphasis on optimizing health. The body’s systems are seen as interdependent parts of the person’s whole being. Its natural state is one of health, and an illness or disease is an imbalance in the body’s systems. Holistic therapies tend to emphasize proper nutrition and avoidance of substances—such as chemicals—that pollute the body. Their techniques are non-invasive. Some of the world’s health systems that are holistic in nature include naturopathic medicine, homeopathy, and traditional Chinese medicine. Many alternative or natural therapies have a holistic approach, although that is not always the case. The term complementary medicine is used to refer to the use of both allopathic and holistic treatments. There are no limits to the range of diseases and disorders that can be treated in a holistic way, as the principle of holistic healing is to balance the body, mind, spirit, and emotions so that the person’s whole being functions smoothly. When an individual seeks holistic treatment for a particular illness or condition, other health problems improve without direct treatment, due to improvement in the performance of the immune system, which is one of the goals of holistic medicine.
Home improvements (as required for a medical condition)
Home improvements with a Letter of Medical Necessity (LMN) are eligible for reimbursement with a flexible spending account (FSA), health savings account (HSA), a health reimbursement arrangement (HRA). Some examples of home improvements with a medical necessity include elevators, ramps, expanded doorways and wheelchair lifts. Under current IRS regulations, these improvements fall under the status of products necessary to treat a legitimate medical condition. Under IRC 213(d)(1), these must be “for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body.” Another vital distinction is that if these expenses are permanent improvements that increase the value of the building/property, the excess value is not reimbursable to the account holder.
Infertility Treatment (Medications)
Any of the constellation of activities and procedures which are intended to result in a viable term pregnancy.
According to the University of Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine, “Integrative Medicine (IM) is healing-oriented medicine that takes account of the whole person, including all aspects of lifestyle. It emphasizes the therapeutic relationship between practitioner and patient, is informed by evidence, and makes use of all appropriate therapies.”
According to the University of Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine, Integrative Medicine’s Defining Principles are as follows:
- Patient and practitioner are partners in the healing process.
- All factors that influence health, wellness, and disease are taken into consideration, including mind, spirit, and community, as well as the body.
- Appropriate use of both conventional and alternative methods facilitates the body’s innate healing response.
- Effective interventions that are natural and less invasive should be used whenever possible.
- Integrative medicine neither rejects conventional medicine nor accepts alternative therapies uncritically.
- Good medicine is based in good science. It is inquiry-driven and open to new paradigms.
- Alongside the concept of treatment, the broader concepts of health promotion and the prevention of illness are paramount.
- Practitioners of integrative medicine should exemplify its principles and commit themselves to self-exploration and self-development.
For more information visit, www.integrativemedicine.arizona.edu/about/definition.html
Learning Disability Treatments
Learning Disabilities refer to any of various disorders involved in understanding or using spoken or written language, including difficulties in listening, thinking, talking, reading, writing, spelling, or arithmetic. They may affect people of average or above-average intelligence. Learning disabilities include conditions referred to as perceptual handicaps, minimal brain dysfunction (MBD), dyslexia, developmental aphasia, and attentional deficit disorder (ADD); they do not include learning problems due to physical handicaps (e.g., impaired sight or hearing, or orthopedic disabilities), emotional disturbance, or cultural or environmental disadvantage. Techniques for remediation are highly individualized, including the simultaneous use of several senses (sight, hearing, touch), slow-paced instruction, and repetitive exercises to help make perceptual distinctions. Students are also assisted in compensating for their disabilities; for example, one with a writing disability may use a tape recorder for taking notes or answering essay questions. Behavior often associated with learning disabilities includes hyperactivity (hyperkinesis), short attention span, and impulsiveness. School programs for learning-disabled students range from a modified or supplemental program in regular classes to placement in a special school, depending upon the severity of the disability.
Long-Term Care Services
Long-term care refers to a broad range of medical and personal services designed to assist individuals who have lost their ability to function independently. The need for this ongoing care arises when you have a chronic disability or when physical/mental impairments prevent you from performing certain basic activities, such as feeding, bathing, dressing, transferring, and toileting. Long-term care may be divided into three levels:
Skilled care: Continuous “around-the-clock” care designed to treat a medical condition. This care is ordered by a physician and performed by skilled medical personnel, such as registered nurses or professional therapists. A treatment plan is established.
Intermediate care: Intermittent nursing and rehabilitative care provided by registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and nurse’s aides under the supervision of a physician.
Custodial care: Care designed to assist with one’s activities of daily living (such as bathing, eating, and dressing). It can be provided by someone without professional medical skills but is supervised by a physician.
Massage therapy is manual manipulation of soft body tissues (muscle, connective tissue, tendons and ligaments) to enhance a person’s health and well-being. Massage therapy encompasses many different techniques. In general, therapists press, rub, and otherwise manipulate the muscles and other soft tissues of the body. They most often use their hands and fingers, but may use their forearms, elbows, or feet. There are dozens of types of massage therapy methods.
People seek massage therapy for a variety of reasons – to reduce stress and anxiety, relax muscles, rehabilitate injuries, reduce pain, and promote overall health and wellness.
While there are many different types of massage, most can be described by two fundamental categories: Relaxation massage – also known as Swedish massage; practiced in settings like spas, wellness centers and resorts and Rehabilitative massage – also known as deep tissue, medical, therapeutic or clinical massage; practiced in many settings like clinics, hospitals and chiropractic offices.
The main professionals that provide therapeutic massage are massage therapists, athletic trainers, physical therapists and practitioners of many traditional Chinese and other eastern medicines. Massage practitioners work in a variety of medical settings and may travel to private residences or businesses.
The US based National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine recognizes over eighty different massage modalities. The most cited reasons for introducing massage as therapy have been client demand and perceived clinical effectiveness.
Many types of practices are associated with massage and include bodywork, manual therapy, energy medicine, and breath work. Other names for massage and related practices include hands-on work, body/somatic therapy, and somatic movement education. Body-mind integration techniques stress self-awareness and movement over physical manipulations by a practitioner. Therapies related to movement awareness/education are closer to dance and movement therapies. Massage can also have connections with the New Age movement and alternative medicine as well as holistic philosophies of preventative medical care, as well as being used by mainstream medical practitioners.
Peer-reviewed medical research has shown that the benefits of massage include pain relief, reduced trait anxiety and depression, and temporarily reduced blood pressure, heart rate, and state of anxiety. Additional testing has shown an immediate increase and expedited recovery periods for muscle performance. Theories behind what massage might do include blocking nociception (gate control theory), activating the parasympathetic nervous system, which may stimulate the release of endorphins and serotonin, preventing fibrosis or scar tissue, increasing the flow of lymph, and improving sleep.
For more information visit the American Massage Therapy Association at www.amtamassage.org/
Medical Equipment Repairs
Naturopath / Naturopathic Doctor
Naturopathic Medicine is a medical system that has evolved from a combination of traditional practices and health care approaches popular in Europe during the 19th century.
People visit naturopathic practitioners for various health-related purposes, including primary care, overall well-being, and treatment of illnesses. In the United States, naturopathic medicine is practiced by naturopathic physicians, traditional naturopaths, and other health care providers who also offer naturopathic services.
Naturopathic practitioners use many different treatment approaches. Examples include:
- Dietary and lifestyle changes
- Stress reduction
- Herbs and other dietary supplements
- Manipulative therapies
- Exercise therapy
- Practitioner-guided detoxification
- Psychotherapy and counseling
- Some practitioners use other methods as well or, if appropriate, may refer patients to conventional health care providers.
For more information visit the National Associations for Naturopathic Doctors at
The scientific application of principles of care related to prevention of illness and care during illness, generally referring to procedures or medications which are solely or primarily aimed at providing comfort to a patient or alleviating that person’s pain, symptoms or distress, and includes the offer of oral nutrition and hydration.
Nutrition & Dietary Services
It is easy to confuse the terms dietitian and nutritionist. In most countries, the title nutritionist is not subject to professional regulation. Any person may call themselves a nutrition expert, whereas the title of dietitian can be used only by those who have met specific professional requirements. One way to distinguish the two is to remember all dietitians are nutritionists, but not all nutritionists are dietitians.
A Registered Dietitian Nutritionist (RDN) is an expert in areas of food and nutrition. RDNs are accredited by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. A Registered Dietitian Nutritionist has completed an undergraduate program in nutrition and also a one year clinical internship program. Registered Dietitian Nutritionists must pass a national exam administered by the American Dietetic Association. Registered Dietitians must also maintain their registered status through continuing education and advanced degrees/certifications for areas of specialization. Examples of specializations include certification as a cardiac dietitian, nutritional support dietitian, sports nutrition, or a certification for diabetes education.
RDNs are the food and nutrition experts who can translate the science of nutrition into practical solutions for healthy living. RDNs use their nutrition expertise to help individuals make unique, positive lifestyle changes. They work throughout the community in hospitals, schools, public health clinics, nursing homes, fitness centers, food management, universities, research and private practice. RDNs are advocates for advancing the nutritional status of Americans and people around the world.
Registered Nutrition and Dietetic Technicians (NDTRs) are educated and trained at the technical level of nutrition and dietetics and for the delivery of safe quality food and nutrition services. They are nationally credentialed and are an integral part of healthcare and foodservice management teams. They work under the supervision of a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist when in direct patient/client nutrition care; and they may work independently in providing general nutrition education to healthy populations.
For more information visit the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics at www.eatright.org/
Any services related to the combined practice of obstetrics – the branch of health science dealing with pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium – and gynecology – the study of diseases unique to women, especially those of the genital tract and breasts.
Optometrist / Ophthalmologist
Services provided by an independent primary health care provider who examines the eyes to evaluate health and visual abilities, diagnoses eye diseases and conditions of the eye and visual system, and provides necessary treatment such as eyeglasses, contact lenses, vision therapy, and low vision aids; optometrists may also perform certain surgical procedures. In most states, they may use drugs to treat eye disease.
The branch of dentistry concerned with growth and development of orofacial structures, including irregularities of teeth, malocclusion, and associated facial problems.
Osteopath / Osteopathic Doctor
Osteopathic medicine provides all of the benefits of modern medicine including prescription drugs, surgery, and the use of technology to diagnose disease and evaluate injury. It also offers the added benefit of hands-on diagnosis and treatment. It is a system of medical care that promotes the body’s innate ability to heal itself.
Osteopathic medicine was founded in the late 1800s in Kirksville, Missouri, by a medical doctor who recognized that the medical practices of the day often caused more harm than good. He focused on developing a system of medical care that would promote the body’s innate ability to heal itself and called this system of medicine osteopathy, now known as osteopathic medicine.
Osteopathic physicians, also known as DOs, work in partnership with their patients. They consider the impact that lifestyle and community have on the health of each individual, and they work to break down barriers to good health. DOs are licensed to practice the full scope of medicine in all 50 states. They practice in all types of environments, including the military, and in all types of specialties, from family medicine to obstetrics, surgery, and aerospace medicine.
DOs are trained to look at the whole person from their first days of medical school, which means they see each person as more than just a collection of organ systems and body parts that may become injured or diseased. This holistic approach to patient care means that osteopathic medical students learn how to integrate the patient into the healthcare process as a partner. They are trained to communicate with people from diverse backgrounds, and they get the opportunity to practice these skills in their classrooms and learning laboratories, frequently with standardized and simulated patients.
The osteopathic medical profession has a proud heritage of producing primary care practitioners. In fact, the mission statements of the majority of osteopathic medical schools state plainly that their purpose is the production of primary care physicians. Osteopathic medical tradition preaches that a strong foundation in primary care makes one a better physician, regardless of what specialty they may eventually practice.
Osteopathic medicine is also rapidly growing. Nearly one in five medical students in the United States is attending an osteopathic medical school. In addition to studying all of the typical subjects you would expect student physicians to master, osteopathic medical students take approximately 200 additional hours of training in the art of osteopathic manipulative medicine. This system of hands-on techniques helps alleviate pain, restores motion, supports the body’s natural functions and influences the body’s structure to help it function more efficiently.
One key concept osteopathic medical students learn is that structure influences function. Thus, if there is a problem in one part of the body’s structure, function in that area, and possibly in other areas, may be affected. Another integral tenet of osteopathic medicine is the body’s innate ability to heal itself. Many of osteopathic medicine’s manipulative techniques are aimed at reducing or eliminating the impediments to proper structure and function so the self-healing mechanism can assume its role in restoring a person to health.
For more information visit the American Osteopathic Association at https://www.osteopathic.org
Physical Therapy is the preservation, enhancement, or restoration of movement and physical function impaired or threatened by disease, injury, or disability that utilizes therapeutic exercise, physical modalities (such as massage and electrotherapy), assistive devices, and patient education and training.
According to the American Physical Therapy Association, “Physical therapists (PTs) are highly-educated, licensed health care professionals who can help patients reduce pain and improve or restore mobility – in many cases without expensive surgery and often reducing the need for long-term use of prescription medications and their side effects.
Physical therapists can teach patients how to prevent or manage their condition so that they will achieve long-term health benefits. PTs examine each individual and develop a plan, using treatment techniques to promote the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability. In addition, PTs work with individuals to prevent the loss of mobility before it occurs by developing fitness- and wellness-oriented programs for healthier and more active lifestyles.
Physical therapists provide care for people in a variety of settings, including hospitals, private practices, outpatient clinics, home health agencies, schools, sports and fitness facilities, work settings, and nursing homes. State licensure is required in each state in which a physical therapist practices.”
For more information visit the American Physical Therapy Association at www.apta.org
Physician / Nurse / Healthcare Professional / Other
The SoulBeing network is comprised of care practitioners that span across the care continuum, including into more traditional areas of healthcare. This category of practitioners focuses on individuals providing HSA-eligible services in a variety of settings. Navigate to each practitioner’s profiles to see their areas of expertise and focus.
The branch of medicine or surgery that deals with the production and application of artificial body parts, and any services regarding an artificial substitute for a missing part, such as an eye, limb, or tooth, used for functional or cosmetic reasons, or both.
Therapy / Psychology
Psychologists are trained professionals that have a doctorate level degree who conduct research, perform testing, and evaluate and treat a full range of emotional and psychological issues. Psychologists utilize either individual sessions or group therapy and can work with patients of any age. Some of the more common types of issues addressed are depression, anxiety, substance abuse, learning disabilities, developmental disabilities, cognitive deficiencies, head injuries, and stroke symptoms. Psychologists can also help individuals improve communication skills, increase productivity, and improve job satisfaction. Many performers such as athletes, actors, and musicians use psychologists to improve concentration, reduce anxiety, and improve performance. Psychologists are also frequently consulted to provide expert testimony in court cases. Psychologists are often consulted when aspects of human behavior and behavioral change are the primary issues.
Licensed Clinical Psychologists are specialists in clinical psychology, the direct, practical application of psychological principles to improve the mental health of individuals, couples, families, and groups. The primary activities of Clinical Psychologists are psychological testing and evaluation, diagnosis of psychological difficulties, psychotherapy, research to discover ways to improve well-being, teaching, and consultation. Clinical Psychologists are present in a variety of settings, including hospitals, mental health clinics, independent practices, primary and secondary schools, employee assistance programs, and corporations.
Clinical Psychologists rely on research pertaining to the study of human behavior and experiences. Many Psychologists and other professionals dedicate their careers to research and teaching, serving as Professors of Psychology at medical schools, universities, colleges, and other institutions of higher learning. Practicing psychologists utilize the wealth of information developed through years of research and clinical skills developed through decades of practice to help people learn to deal with life’s issues more effectively.
Practicing psychologists help a wide variety of people and can treat many kinds of problems. Some people may talk to a psychologist because they have felt depressed, angry, or anxious over an extended period. Others may have short-term problems they want help overcoming, such as feeling overwhelmed, grieving a death, or a significant loss. Psychologists can help people learn to manage a stressful situation, overcome addictions, successfully manage a chronic illness, and overcome barriers that keep patients from attaining goals. Practicing psychologists are also trained to administer and interpret many different tests and assessments that can help diagnose a condition or tell more about the way a person thinks, feels, and behaves. These tests may evaluate intellectual skills, cognitive strengths and weaknesses, vocational aptitude and preference, personality characteristics and neuropsychological functioning.
Practicing psychologists can help with a range of health problems and use an assortment of evidence-based treatments to help people improve their lives. Most commonly, they use therapy (often referred to as psychotherapy or talk therapy). There are many different styles of therapy, but the psychologist will choose the type that best addresses the person’s problem and best fits the patient’s characteristics and preferences. Some common types of therapy are cognitive, behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, interpersonal, humanistic, psycho-dynamic or a combination of a few therapy styles. Some psychologists are trained to use hypnosis, which research has found to be effective for a wide range of conditions including pain, anxiety, and mood disorders. For some conditions, therapy and medication are a treatment combination that works best. For people who benefit from medication, psychologists work with primary care physicians, pediatricians, and psychiatrists to create a comprehensive treatment plan. Three states, New Mexico, Louisiana, and Illinois, have laws allowing licensed psychologists with additional, specialized training to prescribe from a list of medications that improve emotional and mental health disorders, such as depression and anxiety.
A doctoral degree to practice psychology requires at least 4-6 years of full-time study after completing an undergraduate degree. While in graduate school, psychology students may also participate in research and teaching. A one-year full-time supervised internship is required prior to graduation and in most states an additional year of supervised practice is required before licensure. Psychologists must pass a national examination and addition examination specific to the state in which they are being licensed. Once licensed to practice, psychologists must keep up their knowledge, which is demonstrated by earning several hours of continuing education credits annually, as required by their state’s licensure and regulations. For the states where psychologists can prescribe medication, they must have advanced training after they are licensed. Specific education guidelines vary by state, but they must complete a specialized training program or master’s degree in psychopharmacology.
For more information visit the American Psychological Association at http://www.apa.org/
Specialized Education (tuition for specific diagnosed condition)
Learning Disabilities refer to any of various disorders involved in understanding or using spoken or written language, including difficulties in listening, thinking, talking, reading, writing, spelling, or arithmetic. They may affect people of average or above-average intelligence. Learning disabilities include conditions referred to as perceptual handicaps, minimal brain dysfunction (MBD), dyslexia, developmental aphasia, and attentional deficit disorder (ADD); they do not include learning problems due to physical handicaps (e.g., impaired sight or hearing, or orthopedic disabilities), , emotional disturbance, or cultural or environmental disadvantage. Techniques for remediation are highly individualized, including the simultaneous use of several senses (sight, hearing, touch), slow-paced instruction, and repetitive exercises to help make perceptual distinctions. Students are also assisted in compensating for their disabilities; for example, one with a writing disability may use a tape recorder for taking notes or answering essay questions. Behavior often associated with learning disabilities includes hyperactivity (hyperkinesis), short attention span, and impulsiveness. School programs for learning-disabled students range from a modified or supplemental program in regular classes to placement in a special school, depending upon the severity of the disability.
The use of special techniques for correction of speech disorders, defined as a defective ability to speak, either of psychogenic or neurogenic origin.
Traditional Chinese Medicine
Eastern Medicine or Traditional Chinese Medicine is a system of health care that has been constantly evolving over the last 5,000 years. This health care system is a unique, holistic way of approaching health care, that incorporates the universal concepts contained in the spiritual concepts of Daoism. The results of this practice are a sophisticated, well rounded, set of practices that not only can cure illness, but also promote health and maintain wellbeing.
Traditional Chinese Medicine is a blanket term that includes many different modalities such as acupuncture, herbal remedies, diet, Tuina massage, meditation and Tai Chi, among others. These modalities share similar principles regarding the human body and its relation to the universe.
The Daoist point of view describes a universe where everything is symbiotic and collaborative. Nothing is independent and cannot be considered separate from the whole. This can be explained through the concept of Yin and Yang. Early observers noticed that all natural phenomenon can be grouped into mutually dependent opposites. Without dry there would be no wet. Without Hot there can be no cold. Yin and Yang is for all intents and purposes a way to think about life on Earth that describe all the dynamic interactions that are the basis of life in this universe.
The theory of five elements is also important to understand in Eastern Medicine. The five-element theory is derived from observations of the various interactions of groups of characteristics, processes, and functions on Earth. These interactions relate to not only the natural world, but the internal energies of mankind. These include wood, fire, metal, and water. In addition to these principles there are substances that round out the known elements in our universe. These are Qi, Jing essence, Shen or mind/spirit, and the body fluids.
Energy Pathways called Meridians are another important concept in Chinese Medicine. Acupoints along these Meridians have been located and mapped out and can be stimulated by acupuncture or acupressure. Recently, Western Medicine has begun to employ these practices as compliments to western medicine and the evidence is growing to support their efficacy.
For more information visit the American Chinese Medicine Association at www.americanchinesemedicineassociation.org/